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SEC Stepping Up Probes Of Hedge Fund Trades


Speaking at a hedge fund conference in Greenwich, Conn., Securities and Exchange Commission regulators indicated that they are conducting 30 investigations into hedge fund trading in the Northeast alone, Reuters reports.

The SEC is pressing ahead with probes into insider trading, asset valuation and conflicts of interest despite the courts overturning a SEC requirement that hedge funds register as investment advisors.

"Whether you are registered or not, we at the enforcement division believe we have the tools to detect insider trading," said Bruce Karpati, New York assistant regional director for the SEC's division of enforcement. "There are obviously active investigations on this front."

Connecticut Attorney General Richard Blumenthal, a proponent of more regulation despite the fact so many hedge funds are located in his state, said many of the probes are likely to result in lawsuits.

"There are indications that the investigations will be very productive," he said.

Prosecuting insider trading at hedge funds is a priority at the SEC, Karpati said.

SEC officials said they have brought more than 100 cases against hedge funds in the past five years.

Nonetheless, Blumenthal said he believes the "immediacy" of the issue of more hedge fund regulation appears to have "diminished" in Congress. Still, he said he is working with the SEC to raise investor qualifications.

Financial Adviser Faults AARP Funds for Royalties

Although it has a longstanding reputation of protecting the interests of the nation's senior citizens and is a non-profit organization, AARP is actually no different from any other profit-seeking organization, maintains Baltimore financial planner Andrew Tignanelli, the Los Angeles Times reports.

Tignanelli said when clients first came to him saying they wanted to invest in AARP funds, he was thrilled.

But after he did a cost analysis of the funds' fees and compared them to similar products, he found them to be more expensive.

"When [the investors] showed me what they were getting and the price, I told them that I thought they could do better elsewhere," Tignanelli said. "People assume that AARP is their advocate and doing the best for them. That isn't always the case."

Indeed, AARP's 2006 financial statement itself shows that about $400 million, or 40%, of the group's $1 billion annual revenues come from "service provider relationship management fees" from products that AARP sells.

AARP counters that while it does earn royalties on products it endorses, it strives to serve members well. AARP spokesman Adam Sohn said Tignanelli's analysis doesn't take into account all of the benefits of the mutual funds that AARP offers.

Aggressive, moderate and conservative target-risk funds-of-funds managed by State Street, AARP's three offerings are diversified and actively managed on behalf of investors.

Tignanelli argues that Vanguard also offers target-risk funds that are less expensive and that delivered stronger performance last year and in the first half of this year.

AARP's Sohn answers that charge by saying that Vanguard charges high initial investment minimums to keep its fees low. Vanguard's initial investment minimum to its LifeStrategy funds is $3,000, whereas AARP's is only $100, he said.

New Japanese Law Encourages Investing

A new law in Japan that took effect this month-the first overhaul of its financial regulation system in 20 years-is aimed at encouraging its citizens to move some $13 trillion in savings into stocks and bonds, The Wall Street Journal reports.

The new law, the Financial Instruments and Exchange Law, is far reaching, covering everything from marketing practices for stocks, bonds and mutual funds, to registration requirements for private equity funds and hedge funds, to stock trading practices, to corporate reporting procedures and certification of financial statements. Also, Japanese companies will be required to report earnings every quarter, not only twice a year.

In addition, Japan Post, which not only handles mail but also banking and insurance, will become private over the next 10 years, resulting in a holding company with four subsidiaries. With that, the Japanese are expected to move the $1.6 trillion they have in savings with Japan Post and the $1.5 trillion in the nation's two biggest banks into mutual funds and variable annuities. The nation's 25,000 post offices began selling a range of financial products two years ago, including mutual funds. Currently they have amassed $8.5 billion in fund assets.

Japan is actively working on ways to prompt its citizens to earn higher returns in order to fund their retirement, and by putting more securities regulations in place, the hope is that this will build investor confidence. In the past, many Japanese have been harmed by unscrupulous financial services companies, which is why most Japanese have their money in bank or postal accounts paying less than 1%.

"It is a whole modernization of the law," said Christopher Wells, a securities lawyer with White & Case.

Japanese Fund Assets Soar 39% to $673 Billion